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成考专升本英语考前复习笔记一

时间:2015-09-25 作者:admin阅读:

 被动语态

  一般现在时的被动语态:

  承受者+be(is/am/are)+done(过去分词)by+执行者

  E.g.:Many schools are built(done)every year in the city.

  note:地点状语,时间状语一般都放在句末;in the city 特指。

  其中be的使用取决于主语的单复形式。

  A lot of修饰可数和不可数名词

  Many修饰可数名词

  Mach修饰不可数名词

  主动:They all read(原形)English every day.

  被动:English read (过去分词)by all of them every day.

  主动:Mother often scolds me.

  被动:I am often scolded by mother.

  一般过去式的被动语态

  承受者+be(was/were )+done(过去分词)by+执行者(不明确可省略)。

  E.g.:主动:He repaired his bike yesterday.

  被动:His bike was repaired by him yesterday.

  主动:Children cleaned many streets last Sunday.

  被动:Many streets were cleaned by children last Sunday.